By Yoshiyuki Kikuchi
Anglo-Japanese and American-Japanese connections in chemistry had an important influence at the institutionalization of clinical and technological greater schooling in Japan from the overdue 19th century and onwards. They helped outline the constitution of eastern medical pedagogical and examine procedure that lasted good into the post-World global II interval of big technological improvement, while it turned one of many largest services of chemists and chemical engineers on the planet subsequent to Europe and the us. In telling this tale, Anglo-American Connections in jap Chemistry explores quite a few websites of technological know-how schooling similar to instructing laboratories and study rooms - the place British and American lecturers mingled with jap scholars - to shed new gentle at the lab as a domain of world human come upon and complicated social relatives that formed medical perform.
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Extra info for Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry: The Lab as Contact Zone
In the hands of once rebellious samurai from Chōshū, Satsuma, and other domains that seized power, the formerly “illegal” enterprise of sending students abroad became the norm. 1 It was only natural for the new Meiji government to look for a more affordable option than simply sending students abroad. The underlying assumption shared by most Japanese in that period is clear: one could best learn about Western civilizations, science and technology in particular, directly from Westerners and by firsthand observation of them.
Itō wrote to Inoue Kaoru in a letter in May 1866: “Nomura [Inoue Masaru] is doing bunseki seimitsu gaku [exact science of analysis], and Yamao entered a dockyard in Scotland. 59 Itō (probably from Inoue Masaru) understood that what they studied at UCL was not technology itself but scientific enquiry involving precision measurements and techniques, and according to Williamson’s version of the liberal science model, this would be applied later in their workplace. The education of Inoue Masaru, whom Itō mentioned in his letter, illustrates this point.
Lastly, by looking at the collaboration between graduates from Tokyo University and the Imperial College of Engineering, I will suggest that the two pedagogical approaches are mutually complementary rather than exclusive. Pre-Meiji Legacies The Tokyo Kaisei Gakkō was not established de novo by the Meiji government. It had a long history with many antecedents, the most important of which was the Bansho Shirabesho, a product of the Tokugawa Shogunate’s A M E R I C A N A N D B R I T I S H C H E M I S T S I N E A R LY M E I J I J A PA N 29 policy on Western learning in the Bakumatsu or late Tokugawa period.
Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry: The Lab as Contact Zone by Yoshiyuki Kikuchi