Yunzhi Geng's An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in PDF

By Yunzhi Geng

ISBN-10: 3662445891

ISBN-13: 9783662445891

ISBN-10: 3662445905

ISBN-13: 9783662445907

This ebook examines intimately the fundamental trajectory of the cultural transformation and brings to mild the extrinsic stipulations and intrinsic mechanisms concerned. It makes a speciality of the interval from after the Opium Wars to the recent tradition circulate, because the New tradition stream might be thought of a pivotal part within the cultural transformation of modern day China. the recent tradition move was once a progressive eruption caused by way of the buildup of all of the new qualitative cultural elements because the Opium Wars. Superficially, the movement’s target looked to be to overthrow the normal tradition. yet in essence its real aim used to be to behavior an total “screening” of that tradition. The e-book elaborates a wide number of issues during this context, together with: the ideological and cultural evolution following the Opium Wars; the urgent demanding situations confronted by way of “Zhong Ti”; the preliminary shaping of social, public and cultural areas and significant traits in ideological and cultural transformation on the finish of the Qing Dynasty; the political disarray and conflicts among the recent and outdated ideology within the first years of the Republic; the increase of the recent tradition circulate; and the function of conservatism within the transition to a latest culture.

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Extra info for An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times

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Ancient books that had long gone out of circulation, or compilations of relevant writings to make up parts of books that had long been missing. Objectively speaking, the Si Ku Quan Shu (Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature) also was a large-scale project for compiling lost books. The scholars compiled numerous important ancient books and records from the Yong Le Da Dian (Yongle Encyclopedia) of previous dynasties. They also gleaned a number of lost books or writings that could make up the missing portions of books from the Lei Shu (reference books with material taken from various sources and arranged according to subjects) of preceding dynasties.

After the British and French forces sacked the Yuan Ming Yuan—China’s world-famous Imperial Garden, they torched it and reduced it to rubble. This unprecedented defeat and humiliation brought utter loss of “face” to the rulers and subjects of the Heavenly Kingdom. In his later recollections, Yixin (1833–1898), the chief peace negotiator, wrote: “In the twenty years after the Daoguang reign, every one of our dealings in foreign affairs turned out worse than the preceding one. ”13 These “measures of last resort” were, for one, having the emperor seek refuge in Rehe and, for another, signing a humiliating treaty with Britain and France and—because of having asked Russia to act as intermediary— suffering the pain and disgrace of concluding a new unequal treaty with Russia.

For example, Wang Wentai’s (1796–1844) “A Short Study of the English Red-haired Barbarians” also stated that Englishmen “walk like the wind on their ships but cannot stride rapidly on land, and they have difficulty flexing their legs and feet so that they cannot get up once they fall to the ground,”4 and so forth. I often think it quite possible such misinformation was circulated because British emissaries refused to kowtow during audiences with the Chinese emperor. Arrogant Chinese then deduced that the British and all other Westerners were unable to genuflect and walked with difficulty because their knees could not bend.

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An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times by Yunzhi Geng

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